Celebrating The Visible Black Women in Aviation

Black women, like Bessie Coleman, have taken to the skies since the era of aviation broke dawn. The history of Black women in aviation is an important one, especially as part of a robust Diversity, Equity and Inclusion (DEI) movement to secure the sacred spaces Black women hold in industry and society. Black women have since time in memorial carried the heavy burden of discrimination, racism, inequality and outright mistreatment and misogamy that has historically blocked their access and participation at every level of man’s social construct.

With a feverish resistance to the DEI movement across the country, it is imperative that Black women are supported and protected. And in that spirit, it is fitting to recognize an important face in the aviation crowd: Chrystal Dunbar, OBAP Northeast Assistant Regional Director United Airlines – First Officer.

Dunbar is a first officer at United Airlines who got her start in aviation at Eagle Flight Pilot Training Academy in East Orange, NJ at the age of 13. According to her profile, “after receiving her pilot’s license, she went on to study at Daniel Webster College in New Hampshire. Chrystal graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree in Aviation Management/Flight Operations. After flying for Chautauqua Airlines for 5 years, Chrystal was hired by Continental Airlines (now United Airlines) in 2005. She is currently based in Newark, NJ and flying the Boeing 757 and 767 aircraft.”

The aviation industry has historically been dominated by men, and African American women have faced significant barriers to entry and advancement. However, in recent years, there has been a growing movement to promote diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) in aviation.

Challenges faced by African American Women Pilots

African American women pilots face a number of challenges, including:

  • Stereotypes and biases: African American women are often stereotyped as being less capable pilots than men. This can lead to discrimination in hiring, promotion, and other areas.
  • Lack of role models: There are relatively few African American women pilots, which can make it difficult for young women to find role models and mentors.
  • Financial barriers: Aviation is a male-dominated industry. This can make it difficult for African American women to access the financial resources they need to pursue a career in aviation.

Efforts to promote DEI in aviation

There are a number of efforts underway to promote DEI in aviation. These include:

  • Mentorship programs: Mentorship programs can help young African American women connect with experienced pilots and mentors who can provide guidance and support.
  • Scholarships and grants: Scholarships and grants can help African American women overcome financial barriers to pursuing a career in aviation.
  • Outreach programs: Outreach programs can help to increase awareness of aviation careers among African American women.
  • Industry initiatives: The aviation industry is also working to promote DEI through initiatives such as the FAA’s NextGen Diversity and Inclusion Initiative.

African American Women Pilots in Aviation

Despite the challenges they face, there are a number of African American women who have made significant contributions to aviation. These include:

  • Bessie Coleman: Bessie Coleman was the first African American woman to earn a pilot’s license. She went on to become a barnstorming stunt pilot and airshow performer.
  • Harriet Quimby: Harriet Quimby was the first American woman to earn a pilot’s license. She went on to become a famous air racer and set several world records.
  • Mae Jemison: Mae Jemison was the first African American woman to travel to space. She was a crew member on the Space Shuttle Endeavour in 1992.
  • Kimberly Bryant: Kimberly Bryant is the founder and CEO of Black Girls CODE, a non-profit organization that provides technology education to young African American girls.

The Future of DEI in Aviation

Chrystal Dunbar with her mom Joanne and daughter Isabella.

The future of DEI in aviation is bright. Dunbar who was supported by her mother Joanne to pursue a career in aviation is now supporting her own daughter, Isabella, who is also embarking on a successful career in aviation at Eagle Flight Squadron, Inc. There is a growing movement to promote DEI in the industry, and there are a number of African American women who are making significant contributions to aviation, including United Airlines First Officer, Chrystal Dunbar. With continued efforts, the aviation industry can become more diverse, equitable, and inclusive.

For those interested in pursuing a career in aviation can seek support and additional resources by clicking on the following links below:

NY Science Teacher Fulfills 1978 Eclipse Promise to Students

In 1978, a dedicated teacher in New York promised his students an eclipse party on April 8, 2024 when the next total solar eclipse was scheduled to occur. “When he said we were going to meet for the eclipse and he held true to it, here we are,” Nancy Mintz said according to a Democrat & Chronicle article

Kendra Denson, of Rochester, who was in Moriarty’s class in 1984, cried as the eclipse took place. Later, she stood shoulder to shoulder with old friend Jennifer Heaphy, who is a current Webster teacher, reminiscing about the time they pranked Moriarty, getting him to dash out of his classroom because Denson had, falsely, fallen down a school staircase. “To see all the different classes join together — this was, to me, a true class reunion,” Denson said.

The Eclipse Promise:

  • Mr. Patrick Moriarty taught at the Webster Central School District in New York.
  • He promised his students in 1978 that they would have an eclipse party on April 8, 2024 when a total solar eclipse was set to occur.

A Memorable Experience:

  • Mr. Moriarty’s dedication and creativity made the eclipse party a memorable and educational experience for everyone who attended. “I thought it would be a nice little core of people who were totally into eclipses, and maybe they’d share the experience with me,” Moriarty said to the Rochester Democrat and Chronicle. “But it’s not about the eclipse any more. It’s about this. It’s about the sharing. It’s about the impact of teachers. It’s about so much more.”

A Lasting Legacy:

  • Mr. Moriarty’s eclipse party is now a legendary tale in New York and the Webster Central School District community.
  • It is a reminder of the power of teachers to inspire and motivate their students.
  • Mr. Moriarty’s eclipse promise is a testament of the immeasurable value and importance of teachers and an exemplary example of how one person can make a difference in the lives of many.

What to Know About the Solar Eclipse on April 8

The solar eclipse of April 8, 2024  will be a total solar eclipse. It will be the first total solar eclipse to cross the United States since 2017, and it will be the first to cross the entire country since 1979.

The eclipse will begin at sunrise in Mexico and move across the United States, ending at sunset in Canada. The path of totality, where the Moon completely blocks the Sun, will be about 100 miles (160 km) wide and will cross 13 states:

  • Texas
  • Oklahoma
  • Arkansas
  • Missouri
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Ohio
  • Pennsylvania
  • New York
  • Vermont
  • New Hampshire
  • Maine
  • Canada

The total solar eclipse will be visible for up to 4 minutes and 26 seconds along the path of totality. Observers outside the path of totality will see a partial solar eclipse, where the Moon covers only part of the Sun.


It is important to view a solar eclipse safely. Looking directly at the Sun, even during an eclipse, can cause permanent damage to your eyes. Never look directly at the Sun without proper eye protection, such as eclipse glasses or a solar filter. 

How to View the Eclipse

There are several ways to view the solar eclipse safely. You can:

  • Use eclipse glasses or a solar filter. Eclipse glasses are specially designed to filter out harmful ultraviolet and infrared radiation from the Sun. Solar filters can be attached to telescopes or binoculars to make them safe for viewing the Sun.
  • Project the image of the Sun onto a surface. You can do this by using a pinhole projector or a telescope.
  • Watch a live stream of the eclipse online. Many organizations will be broadcasting the eclipse live on the Internet.

What to Expect 

During a total solar eclipse, the Moon completely blocks the Sun’s light. This creates a dramatic effect, as the sky darkens and the stars become visible. The temperature may also drop suddenly, and animals may behave strangely.

The total solar eclipse of April 8, 2024 will be a rare and awe-inspiring event. If you are in the path of totality, be sure to take the time to experience it safely.

Native American Teachings on the Eclipse

How Scientists Need Your Help Observing the April 8 Eclipse 

People inside or near the totality can sign up to take part in at least four different projects, from watching animal behavior to photographing the sun’s corona, weather permitting, to recording the soundscape of the eclipse. There are also state-level projects being organized in Indiana, Ohio and elsewhere. Click HERE to learn about the Solar Eclipse Safari project and take part in the national effort to gather information from this rare celestial event.

Solar Eclipse Safari

USCIS Issues New Green Card Alert for Form I-693

The United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) has issued a new alert regarding Form I-693, Application for Waiver of Grounds of Inadmissibility. The alert provides important information for applicants who are filing or have filed Form I-693.

What is Form I-693?

Form I-693 is used to request a waiver of certain grounds of inadmissibility to the United States. These grounds include health-related issues, criminal convictions, and other factors that may make an applicant ineligible for admission to the United States.

What is the new alert about?

The new alert clarifies the process for filing Form I-693 and provides updated information on the evidence that is required to support the waiver request. The alert also addresses the issue of expedited processing for Form I-693. USCIS shared the update on social media highlighting that some applicants, including those who may have filed Green Cards based on Special Immigrant Juvenile (SIJ) status, had been sent a ‘Request for Evidence’ for Form I-693. The message prompted them to respond as soon as possible so their adjustment application status could be finalized.

If you applied for an employment-based (including Special Immigrant Juvenile) Green Card & we sent you a Request for Evidence for your Form I-693, please respond as soon as possible so we can finalize a decision on your adjustment application.” Lear more HERE

Who is affected by the new alert?

The new alert affects all applicants who are filing or have filed Form I-693. It is important for applicants to review the alert carefully and ensure that they are filing the form correctly and submitting the required evidence.

What should applicants do?

Applicants who are filing or have filed Form I-693 should review the new alert and ensure that they are following the updated instructions. Applicants should also gather the required evidence to support their waiver request.

Where can applicants find more information?

Applicants can find more information about the new alert and Form I-693 on the USCIS website. Applicants can also contact the USCIS Contact Center for assistance.

Celebrating American Labor Leader César Chávez

César Chávez Day, also known as Cesar Chavez Day or simply Chávez Day, is an American federal holiday commemorating American labor leader and civil rights activist César Chávez. It is observed annually on March 31, or on the following Monday if March 31 falls on a Sunday.

Brief History

César Chávez Day was established by the United States Congress in 2014, signed into law by former President Barack Obama and was first observed in 2015. The holiday was created to honor Chávez’s legacy of fighting for the rights of farmworkers and other marginalized communities. “Chavez left a legacy as an educator, environmentalist, and a civil rights leader. And his cause lives on. As farm workers and laborers across America continue to struggle for fair treatment and fair wages, we find strength in what Cesar Chavez accomplished so many years ago. And we should honor him for what he’s taught us about making America a stronger, more just, and more prosperous nation,” said then President Obama. 


César Chávez Day is a time to reflect on Chávez’s life and work, and to celebrate his contributions to the civil rights movement and the labor movement. It is also a time to recommit ourselves to the fight for social justice and economic equality. Chávez Day is also commemorated to promote service to the community in honor of Chavez’s life and work.

How to Observe

There are many ways to observe César Chávez Day. Here are a few ideas:

  • Learn more about César Chávez. Read books, articles, and websites about his life and work.
  • Watch a documentary about Chávez. There are several documentaries available, including “Cesar’s Last Fast” and “The Fight in the Fields.”
  • Attend a César Chávez Day event. Many communities hold events to commemorate the holiday, such as parades, festivals, and workshops.
  • Volunteer your time to a cause that Chávez cared about. This could include working with farmworkers, fighting for immigrant rights, or promoting environmental justice.
  • Educate others about César Chávez. Talk to your friends, family, and community members about his life and work.

César Chávez Day is a day to celebrate the legacy of a great American hero. It is also a day to recommit ourselves to the fight for social justice and economic equality.

“Once social change begins it cannot be reversed.  You cannot uneducate the person who has learned to read.  You cannot humiliate the person who feels pride.  You cannot oppress the people who are not afraid anymore…you cannot stamp out a people’s cause.”

Supreme Court Hears Abortion Pill Case Since Overturning Roe v. Wade

The issue of abortion rights in the United States has been a contentious one for decades, and the Supreme Court has played a central role in shaping the legal landscape surrounding abortion. Here is a brief overview of some key events and decisions related to abortion rights and the Supreme Court:

Roe v. Wade (1973)

  • The Supreme Court ruled that the Constitution protects a woman’s right to have an abortion.
  • The Court held that this right is not absolute, and that states may regulate abortion in certain ways, such as by requiring parental consent or a waiting period.
  • Roe v. Wade is considered a landmark decision in the history of abortion rights in the United States.

Planned Parenthood v. Casey (1992)

  • The Supreme Court reaffirmed the essential holding of Roe v. Wade, but upheld some state regulations on abortion.
  • The Court held that states may not impose an “undue burden” on a woman’s right to have an abortion.
  • Planned Parenthood v. Casey is considered to be a significant precedent in abortion law.

Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization (2022)

  • The Supreme Court overturned Roe v. Wade, holding that there is no constitutional right to abortion.
  • The Court held that the issue of abortion should be left to the states, and that each state is free to regulate or ban abortion as it sees fit.
  • Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization is a major setback for abortion rights in the United States.

The Supreme Court’s decision in Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization is likely to have a significant impact on abortion access in the United States. It is likely that many states will ban or severely restrict abortion in the wake of this decision. The long-term implications of this decision are still unknown, but it is clear that the right to abortion in the United States is now in jeopardy.

On Tuesday abortion rights returned to the Supreme Court since conservative justices overturned Roe v. Wade in 2022. Here are the key takeaways from The Hill.  

According to the AP, “The central argument of the conservative group challenging mifepristone is that the Food and Drug Administration overlooked serious problems with the drug when it eased restrictions on the drug, including making it available via mail in 2021.” 

Alliance Defending Freedom, as reported by the Washington Post, “a conservative group that has been involved in antiabortion litigation, filed the suit in Amarillo on behalf of four antiabortion medical organizations and four doctors who had treated patients with the drug. The suit also named the Health and Human Services Department as a defendant.”

Baltimore Mayor Approves Resurfaced Plan to Sell Vacant Properties for $1

Baltimore city officials have announced a plan to sell vacant properties for $1 to residents who are willing to rehabilitate them. The program is part of the city’s efforts to address the issue of vacant properties, which have become a blight on many neighborhoods.

Under the program, residents will be able to purchase vacant properties for $1, but they will have to agree to rehabilitate the properties within a certain period of time. The city will provide technical assistance and financial assistance to help residents rehabilitate the properties.

The program is expected to generate revenue for the city and help revitalize neighborhoods. It is also expected to create jobs and boost the local economy.  

Here are some of the key details of the program:

  • The program is open to residents of Baltimore city who are willing to rehabilitate vacant properties.
  • Residents will be able to purchase vacant properties for $1.
  • Residents will have to agree to rehabilitate the properties within a certain period of time.
  • The city will provide technical assistance and financial assistance to help residents rehabilitate the properties.
  • The program is expected to generate revenue for the city and help revitalize neighborhoods.
  • It is also expected to create jobs and boost the local economy.

The new housing proposal is modeled after the city’s previous property program from the 1970s when Baltimore had a “dollar house” program, in which residents got to own vacant properties for $1 each under the requirement of fixing them. The Baltimore Board of Estimates approved the program on March 20.

The program was designed mainly for individual buyers and community land trusts. However, for $3,000, developers and large nonprofits can also purchase unoccupied houses (small nonprofits would pay $1,000) as reported by The Baltimore Sun and Afrotech. Home repair grants of $50,000 would also be available to Baltimore recipients who are pre-approved for a construction loan.

For all the details on the resurfaced $1 affordable home ownership policy, visit the Buy Into Bmore website HERE

New Studies Offer Hope In Fight Against Incurable Brain Cancer

Small studies offer hope CAR-T can fight an aggressive brain cancer

A series of new studies are raising hopes that CAR-T, a process in which treatments are made by genetically editing a patient’s own white blood cells, can eventually be used to treat an incurable and deadly type of brain cancer, called glioblastoma multiforme, or GBM.

In the most dramatic result, from a three-person study conducted by researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital, a 72-year-old man saw his tumor shrink 18.5% in just two days and then decrease further over the next two months until it was 60% smaller than when treatment began. That’s notable because glioblastoma is a cancer where drugs can normally only prevent a tumor from growing. Researchers say the results, published in the New England Journal of Medicine on Wednesday, do not mean the treatment is ready to be used widely but give reason to think they are on the right track.

This article was first published in STAT a trusted publication about health, medicine, and the life sciences. 

Beloved British Royal Battling Cancer

Catherine Elizabeth Middleton (born Jan. 9, 1982) is a member of the British royal family. She is the wife of Prince William, Prince of Wales, the first in line to the British throne. His father is King Charles III who succeeded his mother Queen Elizabeth II on the British throne after her death on September 8 2022. He became the king of not just the United Kingdom, but also Australia, Canada, New Zealand and 11 other countries.

Early Life and Education

Catherine was born in Reading, Berkshire, England, to Carole Elizabeth (née Goldsmith) and Michael Francis Middleton. She has a younger sister, Philippa Charlotte (Pippa), and a younger brother, James William. Catherine was educated at St. Andrew’s School in Pangbourne, Berkshire, and Marlborough College in Wiltshire. She then studied art history at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland, where she met Prince William.

Marriage and Family

Catherine and Prince William married on April 29, 2011 at Westminster Abbey in London. They have three children: Prince George (born 2013), Princess Charlotte (born 2015), and Prince Louis (born 2018).

Public Life

Catherine is a patron of numerous charities and organizations, including the Royal Foundation of the Prince and Princess of Wales, the National Portrait Gallery, and the Anna Freud Centre. She is also a keen sportswoman and has represented Great Britain in rowing.

Catherine has become a popular figure in the British royal family. She is seen as a role model for young women and is known for her down-to-earth personality. She has also helped to modernize the monarchy and make it more relatable to the public. The Princess of Wales published a statement at 6pm on March 22, revealing her cancer diagnosis.

“In January, I underwent major abdominal surgery in London and at the time, it was thought that my condition was non-cancerous. The surgery was successful. However, tests after the operation found cancer had been present,” part of the statement from Catherine said. “My medical team therefore advised that I should undergo a course of preventive chemotherapy and I am now in the early stages of that treatment.”

US-Japan Friendship Blossoms in Full Bloom for Annual Festival

The National Cherry Blossom Festival is an annual springtime celebration in Washington, D.C., that honors the 1912 gift of 3,000 cherry trees from the city of Tokyo to the United States. The festival typically takes place in late March and early April, when the cherry trees around the Tidal Basin and other parts of the city are in bloom.

Early History

The first cherry blossom festival in Washington, D.C., was held in 1927. It was a small event, with just a few hundred people attending. However, the festival quickly grew in popularity, and by the 1930s, it was attracting hundreds of thousands of visitors each year.

World War II and the Festival’s Decline

The festival was interrupted during World War II, when the cherry trees were mistakenly thought to be a symbol of Japan and were cut down. After the war, the festival was revived, but it never regained its former popularity.

The Festival’s Revival 

In the 1960s, the festival was revived thanks to the efforts of First Lady Lady Bird Johnson. Johnson planted a new cherry tree in the Tidal Basin in 1965, and the festival was officially reinstated the following year.

The Festival Today

Today, the National Cherry Blossom Festival is one of the most popular events in Washington, D.C. It attracts over 1 million visitors each year. The festival includes a variety of events, such as parades, concerts, and art exhibits.

The Cherry Trees

The cherry trees that are the focus of the festival are a variety of Japanese flowering cherry called the Yoshino cherry. These trees are known for their beautiful pink blossoms, which typically bloom in late March and early April. There are over 3,800 Yoshino cherry trees in Washington, D.C., most of which are located around the Tidal Basin.

The Festival’s Impact

The National Cherry Blossom Festival has a significant impact on the Washington, D.C., economy. The festival generates over $100 million in revenue each year. It also helps to promote tourism in the city.

The Festival’s Future

The National Cherry Blossom Festival is a cherished tradition in Washington, D.C. The festival is a reminder of the friendship between the United States and Japan, and it is a celebration of the beauty of nature.